It is the world’s longest ancient militarydefending project. Together with the Pyramids of Egypt, the Taj Mahal and thecoliseum in
Actually, it is called “Gu Gong” (former palace)in Chinese language. But we nickname it as
of 3 parts: front court for conducting state affairs, backyard (residential areasfor imperial family members) and imperial garden.
The main structure inside if the Hall of Praying for Good Harvest,covering an area of5900 square meters, supported by 3 rings of pillars.
The layout of
However it was destroyed in1900 when 8 allied forces invaded
The Thirteen Ming Tombs are the burying area for 13 Ming Dynasty emperors. They are located at the foot of Heavenly Longevity Mountain.This site was chosen according to Chinese Fengshui (geomancy) principles. The evil winds from the north must be deflected, so anarc-shaped area at the foot of the mountain was selected. The tombs were designed with great importance attached to the harmony between the nature and human being. Its construction had been going on for over 200 years. However,some of them got damaged by the Qing troops in the end of the Ming Dynasty. In 2003, Ming Tombs were listed by UNESCO as world heritages.
It is the place for 2008 Olympic Games and Paralympics. It includes: Bird Nest,Water Cube, National Stadium, and China Science and
The Bird Nest wasco-designed by engineers from Switzerlandand China with 91,000 seats and costs 3.6 billion RMB (550 million US dollars).
The Water Cube was co-designedby Chinese and Australian engineers with 6000 seatsand cost 1 billion RMB (150million US dollars).
After the 2008 Olympic Games,it was transformed into an activity centrefor the public. International and national sports events like tournaments and popular music concerts and performances are held inside.
Hutong in Mongolian languages means water well. Hutong history can be traced back to 700 years ago. At that time,
SiHe Yuan, depicts the typical courtyard where local people live. Usually, rooms located on four sides of the yard were assigned to different people to live according to Chinese Fengshui culture: elder people in the north, son in the east, daughter in the west while servants live in the south.
The life pace inside the Hutong is slower than modern avenues. The narrowness of the Hutong discourages heavy traffic. So we often can see local residents,especially the elder generation playing cards, Chinese Chess or just chatting with each other relaxingly.